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2017 cancer research highlights: a patient’s pick

Category: Science blog December 20, 2017 Gabriella Beer 16 comments

Photo credit: Imperial Science Imagery

It’s been another busy year in cancer research and with so much remarkable work going on it made picking our research highlights for 2017 a tough task.

At Cancer Research UK patients are at the heart of what we do, so it made sense to ask one of the patients involved with our work to help us out.

We sifted through our press releases and blog posts, as well as research headlines from elsewhere, to create the ultimate shortlist. We then set Peter Breaden, a retired biomedical scientist, pancreatic cancer survivor and Media Volunteer, the challenge of selecting his most significant cancer research stories of the year.

Peter with his wife Alwena, shortly after he finished treatment.

“My career as a biomedical scientist helped me understand the concepts behind these stories but my choices were influenced by my personal experience of having pancreatic cancer,” says Peter.

Thanks to your incredible support we’ve made progress both in the lab and the clinic. From investigating cancer cells in a dish to giving new drugs to patients, here’s what Peter picked as his research highlights of 2017… plus a couple of bonus ones from us.

Hard-to-treat cancers

Treatment for many cancers has improved in recent decades, with survival following suit. But some remain notoriously hard to tackle. Peter’s first pick is tied to one of these cancers. And it’s a subject very close to his heart. It’s the Cancer Research UK-funded ESPAC4 trial, which Peter took part in when he was diagnosed with pancreatic cancer in 2010.

The results of the trial, published this year, were hailed as one of the biggest breakthroughs in improving treatment for people with pancreatic cancer.

“This in my view represents a milestone in the treatment of pancreatic cancer,” says Peter. “It almost doubled the number of patients surviving to 5 years and I was one of the lucky ones.”

After surgery, Peter and around half of the patients on the trial received two chemotherapy drugs, gemcitabine and capecitabine. 29 out of 100 patients given the combination were alive after 5 years compared to only 16 out of 100 who took gemcitabine alone.

“Research using drugs that are already available just in new combinations really appeals to me,” says Peter. “It means they’re more likely to reach patients like me quicker.”

And this wasn’t the only research that made progress in tackling hard-to-treat cancers:

In the lab

Practice-changing cancer research starts somewhere, and that’s often in the lab. Peter’s choice for this category is a study by Dr Oliver Maddocks, one of our scientists working on how cancer cells make and process energy.

Maddocks and his team looked at whether cutting off a tumour’s fuel supply could stop it growing. Removing two molecular building blocks from the diets of mice with two types of cancer slowed the development of the disease. It’s early days, but if the same effects are seen in people it could lead to hospital-controlled diets for patients to make treatments more effective.

“Supporting existing treatments with new ideas seems a sensible approach,” says Peter. “I guess my biomedical background also drew me to this study as it always amazes me how many complex molecules can be found in our blood.”

Here are the other 2017 lab success stories:

In the clinic

Clinical trials are essential to make sure cancer treatments are safe and effective. Peter thought that the results from our STAMPEDE trial, presented this year at the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) Annual Meeting, was the clinical highlight of 2017.

“The survival and quality of life figures coming from this trial made me pick this story,” he says. “I don’t think there’s much point in prolonging life unless it can be enjoyed, so that both factors were significantly improved was fantastic.”

The STAMPEDE trial is comparing a range of different treatment combinations for men with prostate cancer that has spread outside of the prostate.

The results out this year showed that combining abiraterone (Zytiga) and a drug called prednisolone with standard therapy in men before their disease became resistant to hormone therapy boosts survival.

Here are the other standout clinical achievements in 2017:

Research from elsewhere

It’s not only Cancer Research UK-funded scientists that are working hard to beat cancer. In this category of our shortlist, Peter felt that work from the World Cancer Research Fund marked a very important step in understanding diet and bowel cancer.

“I liked the way the researchers made suggestions from their results and explained which types of foods contained wholegrains. Sometimes it’s hard to make healthy choices if you don’t have all the right information but the outcome of this study was clear,” he says.

We blogged about the research showing that eating wholegrains reduces the risk of developing bowel cancer.

“I’m always so impressed with young people today,” adds Peter. “They seem to take their health more seriously than we used to do, I’m sure research like this has an influence. It’s great that the information is now out there – I’m going to keep eating my shredded wheat for breakfast!”

Peter says research into cancer prevention is crucial because “reducing the incidence of cancer will mean more resources towards fighting cancers that can’t be prevented.”

Read the full report here.

Here are the other highlights from elsewhere that made our shortlist:

Thank you for all your support and generous donations in 2017, you make this research happen. We wish you a very Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year.

Gabi

 

Feeling inspired by Peter’s story? If you’ve been affected by cancer there are lots of ways you can use your experience to help Cancer Research UK – find out more on our website.

2017 cancer research highlights: a patient’s pick